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Exostoma tenuicaudata  Tamang, Sinha & Gurumayum, 2015

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Exostoma tenuicaudata
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Sisoridae (Sisorid catfishes) > Glyptosterninae
Etymology: Exostoma: Greek, exos = outside + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335);  tenuicaudata: Derived from the Latin word tenui (slender) and caudata (tail), in reference to the slender caudal peduncle of this species. An adjective.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Siang River, Brahmaputra River basin in Arunachal Pradesh, India.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 105469)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-7; Anal soft rays: 6. Exostoma tenuicaudata is distinct from its congeners by having an elliptical adhesive pad medially between the anterior margin of the snout and the mid-upper lip margins, further connected posteriorly by a fleshy pad up to the mid-upper lip, and a more slender caudal peduncle (3.6-4.7% SL or 13.8-17.2% CPL). It further differs from its congeners by the following combination of characters: snout length 60.2- 61.8% HL; interorbital width 24.4-26.4% HL; interdorsal distance13.0-13.5% SL; caudal peduncle depth 3.6-4.7% SL and 13.8-17.2% CPL; CPL 26.3-28.0% SL; prepectoral length 16.8-18.9% SL; predorsal length 34.9-39.0% SL; prepelvic length 42.4-44.6% SL; preanal length 68.1-70.1% SL; length of adipose-fin base 30.8-32.9% SL; length of dorsal-fin base 7.9-10.8% SL; length of anal-fin base 3.9-5.3% SL; caudal-fin length 14.3-19.4% SL, maxillary barbel 63.5-72.1% HL, nasal barbel 19.9-26.3% HL; eye diameter 10.0-16.0% HL; pectoral-fin rays 11-12; and adipose-fin not confluent with dorsal-fin base (Ref. 105469).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in a steeply sloping mountain drainage with fast flowing water, debouching into the Siang River (Brahmaputra River basin), about 3 km from Bomdo village on the main road to Tuting, Upper Siang district, Arunachal Pradesh. Substrates are mostly composed of large, dark-brown boulders and with pebbles, cobbles, concrete fragments of various colors and minute gravels in certain places. The banks have mosses, shrubs, small trees, with larger trees further uphill. The gravel bed was more or less clean, with only a little algal slime over the substratum. Other fish species collected at the type locality are Neolissochilus hexagonolepis, Pseudecheneis sulcata, Garra magnidiscus and Schistura sp. (Ref. 105469).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Tamang, L., B. Sinha and S.D. Gurumayun, 2015. Exostoma tenuicaudata, a new species of glyptosternine catfish (Siluriformes: Sisoridae) from the upper Brahmaputra drainage, northeastern India. Zootaxa 4048(3):441-445. (Ref. 105469)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00311 - 0.01282), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .