Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Pseudancistrus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335); asurini: The specific name 'asurini', a noun in apposition, is a reference to the Asurini indigenous peoples who inhabit the right margin and median portions of rio Xingu, close to the municipality of Altamira in Pará State, Brazil.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Rio Xingu, Xingu river basin in Pará, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 99871)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Pseudancistrus asurini is distinguished from all congeners by having whitish dorsal-and caudal-fin tips (vs. entirely dark). It can be further separated from P. reus and P. kayabi by having conspicuous whitish spots on the body (vs. body mottled or with bars in P. reus and with whitish spots that fade along the body and can cover more than one plate in P. kayabi). It also differs from P. depressus and P. barbatus by having the snout with yellowish odontodes (vs. reddish-brown) and from P. nigrescens, P. corantijniensis, and P. zawadzkii by having smaller whitish spots covering the body which increase gradually in size on the head (diameter 0.3?0.8 mm) and further on the body (diameter 0.7?1.3) (vs. spots abruptly increasing size between the head (diameter 1.1?1.3) and the body (di¬ameter 2.6?2.3 mm). Other characters useful to identify this new species include the following: shorter predorsal length, 39?43% SL (vs. 43?46% in P. zawadzkii and 43?45% in P. nigrescens); smaller dorsal pectoral depth, 23?27% SL (vs. 27?31% in P. zawadzkii); smaller caudal pe¬duncle depth, 9?11% SL (vs. 13?14% in P. zawadzkii and 13% in P. nigrescens); short¬er barbel, 5?9% HL (vs. 10?11 in P. nigrescens); and head depth, 57?66% SL, which is smaller than in P. zawadzkii (67?73%) but greater than in P. barbatus (41?53%) (Ref. 99871).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Silva, G.S.C., F.F. Roxo and C. Oliveira, 2015. Two new species of Pseudancistrus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the Amazon basin, northern Brazil. ZooKeys 482:21-34. (Ref. 99871)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00369 - 0.01635), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .