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Melanotaenia rubrivittata  Allen, Unmack & Hadiaty, 2015

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Melanotaenia rubrivittata
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Melanotaeniidae (Rainbowfishes, blue eyes)
Etymology: Melanotaenia: Greek, melan, -anos = black + latin, taenia = stripe (Ref. 45335);  rubrivittata: Named rubrivittata (Latin: red-stripes) in reference to the distinctive markings that distinguish it from the similar appearing M. praecox.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.6 - 8.0.   Tropical; 27°C - 29°C (Ref. 111039)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Wapoga River system in Papua Province, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111039); 4.1 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 4 - 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-12; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 17 - 21. Melanotaenia rubrivittata is distinguished by the following combination of characters: IV-VI-I,9-12 (usually V-I,10-11) dorsal-fin rays; I,17-21 (usually I,18-20) anal-fin rays; 10-13 (usually 11-12) pectoral-fin rays; 32-33 scales on lateral line, 13-16 (usually 14-15) predorsal scales; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; 12-14 gill rakers on first arch; 11-16 (average 8.9) scales covering cheek (preopercle); snout length 3.2 (3.0-4.3) in HL; average body depth of adult males 37.7 % SL; color in life brilliant neon blue on upper two-thirds of body with five red stripes (one between each scale row); ventral portion of head and body silvery white to blue with slight pinkish hue; first dorsal fin blue; second dorsal fin blue with red basal stripe and broad red zone encompassing outer margin and posterior portion of fin; anal fin bluish with red basal stripe and red outer margin; caudal fin red, grading to bluish or translucent along posterior margin (Ref. 111039).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The type specimen was collected from a small, fully shaded pond formed from previous flooding of the nearby Tirawiwa River (sometimes spelt Tiawiwa). The pond was about 12 m in diameter with an average depth of only 30 cm and substratum comprising of soft mud covered with a layer of organic debris, mainly dead leaves. Other specimens were found in a small (2-5 m width), closed-canopy rainforest stream 1.3 km northwest from the type locality. Only Melanotaenia rubrivittata and Mogurnda wapoga were collected at both sites, although a few juvenile Glossolepis leggetti were obtained from the pond habitat. Also found in a small (about 1.5-2 m wide) rainforest stream that was also inhabited by Melanotaenia rubripinnis and Chilatherina alleni (Ref. 111039).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R., P.J. Unmack and R.K Hadiaty, 2015. Melanotaenia rubrivittata, a new species of rainbowfish (Melanotaeniidae) from northwestern Papua Province, Indonesia. Fishes of Sahul, Journal of the Australia New Guinea Fishes Association 29 (1):846-859. (Ref. 111039)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .