Eutrigla gurnardus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Grey gurnard
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Eutrigla gurnardus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Eutrigla gurnardus (Grey gurnard)
Eutrigla gurnardus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Triglidae (Searobins) > Triglinae
Etymology: Eutrigla: Greek, eu = good + Greek, trigla, es = red mullet + greek (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 10 - 340 m (Ref. 56504), usually 10 - 150 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 70°N - 20°N, 25°W - 42°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 19.3, range 24 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4697); max. published weight: 956.00 g (Ref. 41256)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Head large without deep occipital groove. Vertebrae 37-39 (11-13 precaudal and 25-27 caudal).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco, Madeira, and Iceland. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea (Ref. 4697).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common on sandy grounds, sometimes on rocky bottoms, and also on mud between coastline to 140 m depth. Up to depth of 340 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Feeds on crustaceans, mostly shrimps and shore crabs; fishes, mostly gobies, flatfish, young herring and sand eels. Makes croaking sounds (Ref. 9987). Utilized fresh and frozen; eaten fried and baked (Ref. 9987).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00667 - 0.00991), b=3.02 (2.96 - 3.08), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.16; tm=3-4; tmax=16; Fec=200,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.