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Chimaera orientatis  Angulo, López, Bussing & Murase, 2014

Eastern Pacific black chimaera
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Chimaera orientatis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae (Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Chimaera: Latin, chimaera = marine monster, 1634 (Ref. 45335);  orientatis: Named for its distribution (Latin for east) in the Pacific Ocean.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 560 - 1138 m (Ref. 97389).   Deep-water, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica and Peru; probably more widely distributed in the eastern Pacifc region.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97389)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from its congeners by having an anal fin; also by the following set of characters: the oral and preopercular canals share a short common branch off the infraorbital canal; long dorsal spine (DSA 28.4-31.0% BDL), longer than first dorsal fin, when depressed reaches beyond to origin of second dorsal fin; first dorsal fin is high (D1H 20.8-26.7% BDL) with a short base (D1B 10.3-12.5% BDL); long interdorsal space (IDS 8.1-10.2% BDL); long pectoral fin (P1A 40.0-43.5% BDL), when depressed reaches beyond origin of pelvic fin base; long pelvic claspers (CLT 17.5-17.7% BDL), bifurcate, divided at about distal 40.9-43.1% of its length; long dorsal caudal space (DCS 2.0-2.5% BDL); ventral caudal margin ending slightly posterior to dorsal caudal margin; coloration dark brown with ventral portion of the trunk and all fins slightly darker, without distinctive markings or mottling (Ref. 97389).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Angulo, A., M.I. López, W.A. Bussing and A. Murase, 2014. Records of chimaeroid fishes (Holocephali: Chimaeriformes) from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, with the description of a new species of Chimera (Chimaeridae) from the eastern Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa 3861(6):554-574. (Ref. 97389)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
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Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
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Aquaculture profile
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Ciguatera
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Gill area
Otoliths
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00124 - 0.00769), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .