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Knodus figueiredoi  Esguícero & Castro, 2014

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Knodus figueiredoi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Stevardiinae
Etymology: Knodus: Greek, knodon, -ontos = knife, sword (Ref. 45335);  figueiredoi: Named for Dr. José Lima de Figueiredo of MZUSP, in appreciation for his contribution to the taxonomic studies of Neotropical fishes.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio das Gasças, upper Rio Araguaia basin in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97362)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Vertebrae: 37 - 39. Knodus figueiredoi differs from all other species of the genus by having only tricuspid teeth in the inner premaxillary row (vs. teeth with 5 or 7 cusps). It can be further distinguished from all its congeners by having i,5,i (vs. i,6,i or i,7) pelvic-fin rays. It can be diagnosed from K. breviceps and K. savannensis in having a conspicuous, round humeral blotch (vs. inconspicuous, vertically elongate). It can be further distinguished from K breviceps in having five (vs. six) longitudinal scale rows between the dorsal-fin origin and lateral line, and from K. savannensis in having branched anal-fin rays 15-17 (vs. 20-21), and a hyaline caudal fin (vs. dark longitudinal band on lower caudal-fin lobe). It can be differentiated from Bryconamericus novae, the only species of the genus in the Araguaia-Tocantins basin, in having a conspicuous, round (vs. inconspicuous, vertically elongate) humeral blotch, 15-17 branched anal-fin rays (vs.18-20); five (vs. four) longitudinal scale rows between the dorsal-fin origin and lateral line; four large tricuspid teeth in the dentary (vs. pentacuspid); and presence of scale rows covering the basal portions of the caudal-fin lobe (vs. absence) (Ref. 97362).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The type locality, Rio das Gasças, is a large and relatively deep river characterized by rapid waters and riffles, marginal sandbanks, and transparent water. The bottom of the river consists of stones, sand and moderate amount of the vegetal debris (Ref. 97362).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Esguícero, A.L.H. and R.M.C. Castro, 2014. Knodus figueiredoi, a new characid from the Rio das Garças, upper Rio Araguaia basin, Brazil, with comments on the taxonomic limits with comments on the taxonomic limits Knodus and Bryconamericus (Teleostei: Characidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(1):39-48. (Ref. 97362)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00529 - 0.02861), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .