Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae
(Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335).
This species is synonym of Kyphosus bigibbus Lacepède, 1801 according to Knudsen et al. (2013: Ref. 95491). The species page will be removed.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated. Subtropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Atlantic Ocean: tropical and temperate waters; including the Mediterranean Sea, off Nova Scotia, Canada to Florianopolis, Bermuda, North Sargasso Sea, West Indies, Curaço, Dutch West Indies, Martin Vaz Islands, and Trindade Island; western Atlantic, Brazil; mid Atlantic, Saint Paul’s Rocks; eastern Atlantic; Azores and Madeira Islands; South Atlantic, St. Helena Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sakai, K. and T. Nakabo, 2014. Taxonomic review of Kyphosus (Pisces: Kyphosidae) in the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans. Ichthyol. Res. 61(3):265-292. (Ref. 95333)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00475 - 0.03188), b=3.02 (2.80 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .