You can sponsor this page

Aphanius shirini  Gholami, Esmaeili, Erpenbeck & Reichenbacher, 2014

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: shirini: Named for the stream and village of Khosroshirin, the type locality.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Khosroshirin Stream in the uppermost reaches of the Kor River Basin and its connected springs including Paselari and Pahn springs in Iran.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94548); 3.6 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12; Anal soft rays: 10 - 11. This species can be easily diagnosed at the genetic level from all its congeners in Iran by having 17 fixed molecular apomorphies (14 transitions and three transversions) in cytochrome b gene. In addition, it differs from Aphanius sophiae by having 61 fixed molecular apomorphies (46 transitions and 15 transversions). Males are distinguished from all other Iranian species by having only 7-10 wide clearly defined white flank bars, which is the lowest number of white flank bars among the Iranian inland Aphanius species, and bright to yellowish anal fin without clear white margin. Both males and females differ from other Aphanius species in Iran by having a significantly longer caudal peduncle and a smaller dorsal fin depth (measurements relative to the standard length) . The otoliths are diagnostic because they display a distinctive combination of characters such as a straight ventral rim, an angular to rectangular posteroventral edge and a wide but short and truncated rostrum. In addition, dorsal part of this species is longer than in the other examined species (Ref. 94548).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits Khosroshirin Stream in the uppermost reaches of the Kor River Basin and its connected springs including Paselari and Pahn springs. Paselari spring is composed of muddy substrate with small gravels, and water surface covered by dense filamentous green algae. The surrounding area is vegetated with reed (Phragmatis sp.), rush (Juncus sp.), shrubs and trees. Water current is high in Khosroshirin stream while low in Paselari and Pahn springs. The following mean values of physico-chemical paramaters of three stations from Paselari spring were recorded: nitrates 1.95 mg l-1, nitrites 0.42 mg l-1, phosphates 0.59 mg l-1, ammonia 0.12 mg l-1, dissolved oxygem (DO) 8.92 mg-1, DO% 122.6, total dissolved solids 191.7 mg-1, conductivity 395 ?s cm-1, salinity 0.18 0/00, pH 7.9 and water temperature 17.05°C . Collected together with Acanthobrama persidis, Alburnus mossulensis, Capoeta aculeata, Capoeta saadi (Cyprinidae) and Onchorhynchus mykiss (Salmonidae) from Khosroshirin Stream. Threatened mainly by the carnivorous exotic O. mykiss (Ref. 94548).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Gholami, Z., H.R. Esmaeili, D. Erpenbeck and B. Reichenbacher, 2013. Phylogenetic analysis of Aphanius from the endorheic Kor River Basin in the Zagros Mountains, South-western Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae). J. Zool. Sys. Evol. Res. 52(2):130-141. (Ref. 94548)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00601 - 0.01665), b=3.29 (3.15 - 3.43), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .