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Liopropoma santi  Baldwin & Robertson, 2014

Spot-tail golden bass
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Liopropoma santi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Liopropoma santi (Spot-tail golden bass)
Liopropoma santi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Liopropomatinae
Etymology: Liopropoma: Greek, leio = smooth + Greek, pro = in front of + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335);  santi: Named for Roger Sant, one of the collectors and a donor of Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History for ocean-related activities.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 182 - 241 m (Ref. 95858).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Caribbean: Curaçao.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95858)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: D VIII,13; A III, 8; pectoral fin 15; 20-21 total gill rakers on first arch (including rudiments); 47-48 lateral-line scales; length of first dorsal spine, 2.9-4.2% SL; margin of spinous dorsal fin moderately indented posteriorly in adults (fourth spine 11-12% SL, fifth and sixth spines only slightly shorter than fourth, 6.9-10% SL); depth at origin of dorsal fin, 23-26% SL; least depth of caudal peduncle, 11-13% SL; orbit diameter, 9.4-12% SL; upper lip with yellow-orange stripe; approximately 13 white, chevron-shaped markings in a series on the ventral portion of trunk; a reddish-black blotch on distal portion of lower caudal-fin lobe (Ref. 95858).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky slopes and ledges. When approached and illuminated by the submersible, it retreated into small caves and crevices (Ref. 95858).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Baldwin, C. and D.R. Robertson, 2014. A new Liopropoma sea bass (Serranidae, Epinephelinae, Lipropomini) from deep reefs off Curaçao, southern Caribbean, with comments on depth distributions of western Atlantic liopropomins. ZooKeys 409:71-92. (Ref. 95858)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .