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Aetobatus narutobiei  White, Furumitsu & Yamaguchi, 2013

Naru eagle ray
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Aetobatus narutobiei
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays) > Myliobatinae
Etymology: Aetobatus: Greek, aetos = eagle + Greek, batis, batidos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  narutobiei: Named for its common name in the Japanese waters ‘Naru tobi-ei’ (pronounced ‘Nar-oo-tobee-ay’), Naru’ referring to Naru Island and ‘Tobi-ei’ the Japanese name used for eagle rays which translates to black kite (a bird); noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic.   Subtropical; 15°C - 17°C (Ref. 94821), preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: eastern Vietnam, Hong Kong, China, Korea and southern Japan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 80 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 94821); 150.0 cm WD (female); max. published weight: 14.4 kg (Ref. 94821); max. published weight: 14.4 kg

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This medium to large-sized Aetobatus (reaching 150 cm DW) possess the following diagnostic characters: uniformly greenish grey to brownish dorsal surfaces, without pale spots or ocelli; long head, ventral length 27.4-31.9% DW; long to very long rostral lobe (longest in adult males) and narrow, tapering evenly to tip; single row of teeth plates, those in lower jaw chevron-shaped; width of lower tooth plate about 2.4 times its width and in about 18 series; 100-104 pectoral-fin radials (excluding propterygial radials anterior of eyes); 88-90 total vertebral centra (including synarcual); pelvic-fin radials 1 (with 2-5 fused elements) +17-18; males mature by about 80 cm DW; born at 33.4-35.2 cm DW (Ref. 94821).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in shallow waters at water temperature above 15-17°C; in winter months, the species leave the shallower bays for nearby sea where water temperature is above 15°C brought by the Kuroshio current-derived warm waters (Ref. 94821).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

White, W.T., K. Furumitsu and A. Yamaguchi, 2013. A new species of Eagle ray Aetobatus narutobiei from the Northwest Pacific: an example of the critical role taxonomy plays in fisheries and ecological sciences. Plos One 8(12)e83785:1-12. (Ref. 94821)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .