Arapaima leptosoma  Stewart, 2013

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Arapaima leptosoma
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Arapaimidae (Bonytongues)
Etymology: Arapaima: From tupí-guaraní, arapaima (Ref. 45335);  leptosoma: Derived from the Greek leptos, meaning slender, and soma, meaning body. This in reference to the relatively slender body form of this species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Solimões River in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 77.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94273)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 40; Anal soft rays: 38; Vertebrae: 83. Diagnosed from all congeners by having the following characters: extremely slender dorsal most lateralis sensory cavity on preopercle, strongly angled ventrolateral margin of head where third infraorbital meets anterior limb of preopercle such that ventral surface of head is almost flat, and enlarged thickened sheath on anterior third of dorsal-fin base that hides anterior dorsal-fin rays when adpressed. Differs also from all other Arapaima except A. agassizii by having extremely long fourth infraorbital. Distinguished from A. arapaima and all other examined non-type specimens by having notably slender body; from A. mapae and A. agassizii by having relatively deep caudal peduncle (6.0% SL, vs. ,4.0 in both of latter two taxa); from A. gigas by having dentary teeth in a single row (vs. dentary teeth in 2-2.5 irregular rows); and from A. agassizii by having 28 teeth on maxilla (vs. 43) and on single ramus of dentary (30-32, vs. 44) (Ref. 94273).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Stewart, D.J., 2013. A new species of Arapaima (Osteoglossomorpha: Osteoglossidae) from the Solimões River, Amazonas State, Brazil. Copeia 2013(3):470-476. (Ref. 94273)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .