Deania calcea  (Lowe, 1839)

Birdbeak dogfish
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Deania calcea   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Deania calcea (Birdbeak dogfish)
Deania calcea
Picture by Gomez, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae (Gulper sharks)
Etymology: Deania: From B. Dean (1916), ichthyiologist and researcher of ichtyiological bibliography (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 60 - 1490 m (Ref. 26346), usually 400 - 1400 m (Ref. 10717).   Deep-water; 70°N - 56°S, 180°W - 180°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 105.0, range 70 - 111 cm
Max length : 122 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26346)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. A longnose dogfish with a long, 1st dorsal fin and no subcaudal keel (Ref. 5578). Grey-brownish in color (Ref. 6577).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Iceland along Atlantic slope to Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 247, 5578). Western Pacific: southern Honshu in Japan, southern Australia, New Zealand. Occurrence in the Western Central Pacific uncertain (Ref. 31367). Eastern Pacific: southern Chile to northern Peru (Ref. 38549).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the outer continental and insular shelves and upper slopes (Ref. 247). Usually on or near the bottom but sometimes found well above it (Ref. 5578). Apparently in large schools (Ref. 5578). Feeds on pelagic bony fish, squid, octopus and shrimp (Ref. 5578). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Caught very rarely by demersal longline fisheries operating in deepwater of Indonesia. Utilized for its meat, fins (low value) and liver oil (very high value) (Ref. 58048).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 247)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Ecology
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00234 (0.00112 - 0.00491), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (K=0.077-0.135; Fec=6-12; tm=25).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.