Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Belonidae
Etymology: Potamorrhaphis: Greek, potamos = river + Greek, rhaphis = needle (Ref. 45335); labiatus: Name from Latin word meaning large-lipped, referring to the expanded labial membrane diagnostic of this species; an adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range 0 - ? m. Tropical
South America: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.5 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 25 - 29. This species can be distinguished from Potamorrhaphis eigenmanni and P. guianensis by having the posterior third of the labial membrane highly expanded laterally, reaching to or passing the level of the ventral margin of the maxilla when folded ventrally (vs. narrow, not reaching the level of the ventral margin of the maxilla when folded ventrally); from P. eigenmanni by having 3 rows of accessory teeth on the lower jaw (vs. 2 rows), and 115-128 scales on the lateral line (vs. 97-119); from P. guianensis by having the contralateral branchiostegal membranes overlapping in the midventral line (vs. branchiostegal membranes not overlapping ventrally), 3 rows of accessory teeth on the lower jaw (vs. 4 rows), and dentary with coronoid process salient (vs. coronoid process not salient); from P. petersi by the coloration of the labial membrane with melanophores only in the inner margin (vs. melanophores uniformly distributed), 29-34 dorsal-fin rays (vs. 35-43), 25-29 anal-fin rays (vs. 30-39), deeper caudal peduncle (2.1-2.7 vs. 1.1-1.6% BL), longer predorsal length (62.9-67.6 vs. 59.5-62.8% BL), longer pectoral-pelvic distance (38.5-42.6 vs. 36.0-38.1% BL), and longer head length (17.6-18.9 versus 15.8-17.9% BL) (Ref. 92518).
Length type used is body length (BL), measured from the anterior margin of the nasal bone to the hypural plate (Ref. 92518).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sant'Anna, V.B., M.L.S Delapieve and R.E. Reis, 2012. A new species of Potamorrhaphis (Beloniformes: Belonidae) from the Amazon Basin. Copeia, 2012(4):663-669. (Ref. 92518)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .