Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Stevardiinae
Etymology: metae: Specific name refers to the Meta State in eastern Colombia, where the new species was collected.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.1 - 7.6; depth range 0 - 3 m (Ref. 91745). Tropical
South America: Río Güejar system in Meta State, La Macarena Mountains, Orinoco basin, Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91745)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 40 - 41. Diagnosed from other species of the genus Tyttocharax by the presence of bony hooks on the pectoral and caudal-fin rays (vs. absence). Differs from Tyttocharax madeirae and Tyttocharax cochui by the absence of adipose fin (vs. presence), in having larger bony hooks on the anal fin than on the rays of the pelvic fins (vs. bony hooks of the same size on the rays of those fins). Can be separated from Tyttocharax cochui in having i,5-6 pectoral-fin rays (vs. i,7); from Tyttocharax tambopatensis by absence of a sexually dimorphic color pattern in life (vs. presence of sexually dimorphic color pattern,
males have bright orange abdomens), by having 4 scales rows between anal-fin origin and lateral line (vs. 6), by the 4 scale rows between pelvic-fin and lateral line (vs. 6), by the number of 5-6 branched pectoral-fin rays (vs. 7); by iii unbranched dorsal-fin rays (vs. ii) and distance between the dorsal and anal-fin origins, 22.3% to 32.2% SL (vs. 38.0-41.0% SL) (Ref. 91745).
Found in streams characterized by relatively rapid water current, running over rocky and sandy bottoms at altitudes between 264- 282 m a.s.l., high dissolved oxygen (5.7-7.1 mg/l) and having tea colored water with usually high transparency (Ref. 91745).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Román-Valencia, C., C.A. García-Alzate, R.I. Ruiz-C. and D.C.B. Taphorn, 2012. A new species of Tyttocharax (Characiformes: Characidae: Stevardiinae) from the Güejar River, Orinoco River Basin, Colombia. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 10(3):519-525. (Ref. 91745)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00502 - 0.02394), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .