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Plesioptopoma curvidens  Reis, Pereira & Lehmann A., 2012

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Plesioptopoma curvidens
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: curvidens: The specific epithet 'curvidens' is derived from the Latin curvus, meaning curved, bent, and dens, meaning tooth, in allusion to the strongly curved tooth series in both the premaxilla and dentary. A noun in apposition..   More on author: Reis.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Known from the type locality, the upper portion of the Rio Paraopeba, a tributary to the upper Rio São Francisco in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 98819)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal soft rays: 6. Can be diagnosed from non-Hypoptopomatinae loricariids by having the ventral surface of the coracoid with an exposed area supporting a few odontodes laterally, close to the pectoral-fin insertion, and, except from Kronichthys, by having the odontodes on the ventral surface of the pelvic-fin unbranched ray distinctly bent and turned mesially. Differs from all hypoptopomatines, except Parotocinclus prata, by having the premaxilla and dentary tooth series strongly curved mesially, in such a way that the mesial portion of the tooth series in both sides are turned and run parallel to each other vs. tooth series straight or slightly curved). It is also distinguished from the remaining hypoptopomatines, except Pseudotocinclus, by having the caudal peduncle distinctly quadrangular in cross-section (vs. caudal peduncle ovoid in cross-section), and except from Gymnotocinclus by having the anterior margin of the snout devoid of dermal plates (Ref. 90155).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The type locality is a small stream of about 2-4 meters wide and up to 0.5 meters deep with clear water but heavily polluted by organic sewage and with fair amounts of marginal, submerged, and emergent vegetation, and with bottom mostly sandy with patches of gravel and pebbles (Ref. 90155).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Collaborators

Reis, R.E., E.H.L. Pereira and P. Lehmann A., 2012. A new genus and species of Hypoptopomatine catfish (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the Upper Rio São Francisco Basin, Brazil. Copeia 2012(1):6-11. (Ref. 90155)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00228 - 0.01325), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .