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Centroscymnus macracanthus  Regan, 1906

Largespine velvet dogfish
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Image of Centroscymnus macracanthus (Largespine velvet dogfish)
Centroscymnus macracanthus
Picture by Duffy, C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae (Sleeper sharks)
Etymology: Centroscymnus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, skymnos, -ou = pup, puppy (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Regan.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 650 - 920 m (Ref. 26346).   Deep-water; 50°S - 54°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 68.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. Dark brown or blackish in color, dorsal fins with fairly prominent fin spines, moderately long snout, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with short, oblique cusps, stocky body that tapers abruptly from pectoral region, and moderately large tricuspidate and tricarinate lateral trunk denticles (Ref. 247).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Straits of Magellan. Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 26346). Southwest Atlantic: Argentina (Ref. 58839).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A rare species inhabiting lower continental slopes (Ref. 26346). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 247)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Morphometrics
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00204 - 0.01230), b=3.13 (2.93 - 3.33), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.