Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); maramara: Named in reference to the abundant and prominent spotting on the head, flank, and caudal fin (from the Malagasy maramara = spotted) (Ref. 89488).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Tropical
Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Known only from the shallow nearshore reefs of northeastern Madagascar (Ref. 89488).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89488)
Morphology | Morphometrics
The new species is distinguished from all congeners reported from the Western Indian Ocean by a unique pigmentation pattern on the caudal fin comprising a smaller oblong black patch dorsally near the base of the fin and a much larger elongate oval or anvil-shaped black patch ventrally that extends posteriorly over half the length of the fin, the presence of numerous smaller black blotches forming two to three bands distally on the caudal membrane, and a unique spotting pattern on the flank, comprising six to nine black blotches present along the lateral midline over a light background and a second series of eight or nine black blotches (none forming ocelli) on the lower flank at the ventral terminus of the lateral series of vertical brown bands (Ref. 89488).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sparks, J.S. and Z.H. Baldwin, 2012. A new species of Parapercis (Teleostei: Pinguipedidae) from Madagascar. Zootaxa 3204:31-39. (Ref. 89488)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00289 - 0.01442), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .