Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Parodontidae
Etymology: Parodon: Latin, par = two + Latin, dens = teeth (Ref. 45335); atratoensis: This species, Parodon atratoensis, is named in reference to its type-locality, the Atrato River, northwest Colombia.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 5°S - 6°S, 76°W - 77°W
South America: Colombia. Río Atrato basin (Ref. 88955).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 88955)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Parodon atratoensis differs from all congeners in having just the first dorsal-fin ray unbranched (vs. two, except in P. magdalenensis); two dorsal longitudinal stripes that end at adipose-fin origin (vs. ending at upper caudal-fin lobe or absent). It is distinguished from P. magdalenensis by a series of transverse dorsal bands ending at adipose fin (vs. ending at upper caudal-fin lobe or absent); in having the axillary scale 2-3 normal scales in length (vs. usually one, rarely two scales in length; except in P. buckleyi). It also differs in the number of cusps on the premaxillary teeth (12-13 vs. 15-19 in P. carrikeri; 7-12 in P. bifasciatus; 9-12 in P. pongoensis). It can be differentiated from P. guyanensis by the number of teeth on the premaxilla (4 vs. 5) and from P. pongoensis and P. moreirai by the presence of a lateral band with projections above and below (vs. absence of projections in such band) and the number of scales in the lateral line (37-38 vs. 40-42 in P. moreirai). From P. suborbitalis it is distinguished by the number of cusps on premaxillary teeth (12-13 vs. 15-17); number of branched pectoral-fin rays (12-13 vs. 14-17); preanal scales (23-24 vs. 24-27); two light dorsal stripes uniting at adipose fin (vs. stripes ending at upper caudal-fin lobe) and transverse dorsal blotches ending at adipose fin (vs. dorsal blotches ending at base of upper caudal-fin lobe). From P. hilarii it differs by the absence of spots above lateral stripe (vs. present); the number of preanal scales (23-24 vs. 24-28). It differs from P. nasus by the presence of elongated projections of the lateral stripe (vs. rounded projections) and the number of cusps on premaxillary teeth (12-13 vs. 13-15).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Londoño-Burbano, A., C. Román-Valencia and D.C. Taphorn, 2011. Taxonomic review of Colombian Parodon (Characiformes: Parodontidae), with descriptions of three new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(4):709-730. (Ref. 88955)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00336 - 0.03265), b=3.08 (2.82 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .