Chelonodon patoca  (Hamilton, 1822)

Milkspotted puffer
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Chelonodon patoca   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chelonodon patoca (Milkspotted puffer)
Chelonodon patoca
Picture by Iranian Fisheries Research Organization (IFRO)

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae (Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Chelonodon: Greek, chelone = turtle + Greek, odous ) teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; reef-associated; anadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 1 - 5 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8 - 10. Body covered with prickles (Ref. 559).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Admiralty Islands, New Britain and Trobiand Islands, north to China, south to northern Australia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal waters and enters the lower reaches of rivers and lagoons (Ref. 4833). Occurs on sand and mudflats, usually in estuaries (Ref. 48637). Usually found around the mouths of rivers or in brackish mangrove estuaries and sometimes penetrates fresh water, but is never found more than a few km from the sea (Ref. 2847, 44894). Often in schools and sometimes swims up freshwater streams (Ref. 48637). Considered a delicacy in Japan (Ref. 12484).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Collaborators

Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Poisonous to eat (Ref. 12484)




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03160 (0.01422 - 0.07024), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.