Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Microlepidogaster: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, lepis = scale + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335); dimorpha: Specific epithet derived from the Greek di, meaning two, double, and morphe, meaning form, in allusion to the accentuated sexual dimorphism presented by the species. A feminine adjective.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Rio Uberaba and riacho Grotão, both tributaries of the rio Grande, upper rio Paraná system in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86675)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5 - 7;
Vertebrae: 29 - 30. Distinguished from Microlepidogaster perforatus and Microlepidogaster longicolla by having first dorsal-fin proximal radial attached to the neural spine of seventh vertebra, with posterior portion contacting also the eighth centrum (vs. first dorsal-fin proximal radial attached to the neural spine of eighth or ninth vertebra in Microlepidogaster perforatus, and to the neural spine of tenth or eleventh vertebra in Microlepidogaster longicolla); 29-30 vertebrae (vs. 31 in Microlepidogaster perforatus and 31-33 in Microlepidogaster longicolla); 18-21 mid-dorsal plates (vs. 9-13 in Microlepidogaster perforatus, and 13-17 in Microlepidogaster longicolla); deeper caudal peduncle (10.0-11.4% in SL vs. 7.7-8.5% in Microlepidogaster perforatus, and 5.4-7.3% in Microlepidogaster longicolla); greater distance between dorsal-fin origin and anal-fin insertion (19.4-23.8% in SL vs. 16.4-18.8% in Microlepidogaster perforatus, and 14.7-16.2% in Microlepidogaster longicolla); and nostril width markedly wider in males than in females (vs. approximately equivalent in size for both sexes, slightly wider in males than in females in Microlepidogaster perforatus, and equivalent in size for both sexes in Microlepidogaster longicolla). Can be also diagnosed Microlepidogaster perforatus by presence of the iris operculum (vs. absence); median plate series complete to caudal peduncle end (vs. median plate series truncated, with last two plates of dorsal and ventral series contacting in midline); greater head depth (43.4-53.1% vs. 40.7-42.3% in HL); greater orbital diameter (13.6-18.5% vs. 11.1-13.5% in HL); pelvic-fin first unbranched ray longer in males than in females (vs. equivalent in size in both sexes); and supraneural without paired anterior processes (vs. processes present). Also differs from Microlepidogaster longicolla by having anterior margin of snout with a paired rostral plate (vs. snout with small plates, naked in the anterior margin); by pectoral-fin axillary slit present only in juvenile specimens); longer pectoral-fin unbranched ray (20.0-23.8% vs. 13.4-16.2% in SL in Microlepidogaster longicolla (Ref. 86675)).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oliveira Martins, F. de and F. Langeani, 2011. Microlepidogaster dimorpha, a new species of Hypoptopomatinae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper rio Paraná system. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(1):79-86. (Ref. 86675)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00186 - 0.01353), b=3.17 (2.94 - 3.40), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.2 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .