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Parapterois macrura  (Alcock, 1896)

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Parapterois macrura
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Pteroinae
Etymology: Parapterois: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, pterois, derived from pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 64 - 430 m (Ref. 95026).   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95026)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following characters: no scales on midline of interorbital space throughout life; longitudinal scale series 43-49 (mean 45.9); head length 39.7-44.1% (42.4%) of SL; snout length 12.9-19.1% (15.8%) of SL; head depth 21.0-25.1% (23.0%) of SL; tip of tentacle on posterior spine of lacrimal not extending beyond level of posterior margin of maxilla (sometimes extending slightly beyond in juveniles); upper margin of orbit higher than or level with base of first dorsal spine (in lateral view) in adults, lower than in young; top of bulge on snout well below ventralmost margin of orbit (in lateral view) in adults, located between levels of ventralmost margins of pupil and orbit in young (Ref. 54479).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: west coast of India. Also from Oman ans Somalia (Ref. 95026).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Motomura, H., 2004. Morphological comparison of a poorly known scorpionfish, Parapterois macrura, with a related species, P. heterura (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae). Zool. Stud. 43(1):1-7. (Ref. 54479)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00443 - 0.02975), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .