Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).
This species is uncertain in Coregonus in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jul. 2010: Ref. 84883).. See CofF for a discussion.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Europe: Estonia and Russia in Lakes Peipus, Teploe [Lammijarv] and Pskov. Enters Lake Witzerv [Võrtsjärv] through a connecting river for spawning. Introduced in Lake Burtneck (Latvia), drifted to Gulf of Riga; introduced in many lakes of northern Russia, Poland, Germany, Netherlands, Japan, in lakes in the Urals Region of Russia, Lakes Sevan (Armenia) and Balkash (Kasakhstan), but established only in a few (Ref. 59043); and Belarus (Ref. 59042). Considered vulnerable (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits lakes and rivers. Spawns mainly in southern coastal part of Lake Peipus and northern part of Lake Teploe, but also enters some rivers to spawn (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00270 - 0.01019), b=3.23 (3.05 - 3.41), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .