Hasemania kalunga  Bertaco & Carvalho, 2010

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Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hasemania: Because of John D. Haseman, the American collector of fishes (Ref. 45335);  kalunga: The specific epithet is in reference to Comunidade Quilombo Kalunga, descendents of African slaves that lives in the Chapada dos Veadeiros, near the type locality. Kalunga, in Bantu language, means protected sacred place. A noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 1 m (Ref. 83954).   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83954)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Vertebrae: 34 - 36. Diagnosed from members of the genus Hasemania by the following characters: 11-21 perforated lateral line scales (vs. 5-9, except from Hasemania crenuchoides and Hasemania piatan); presence of a black vertically-elongate humeral spot (vs. absence, except from Hasemania crenuchoides, Hasemania nambiquara, and Hasemania piatan); and absence of scale sheath along anal-fin base (vs. presence, except from Hasemania maxillaris and Hasemania piatan). Differs further from Hasemania crenuchoides by having interorbital width 27.6-31.3 % of HL (vs. 34.0-35.6% of HL) and caudal peduncle length 13.9-17.4 % of SL (vs. 17.9-21.8% of SL); from Hasemania hanseni, Hasemania maxillaris, and Hasemania nambiquara by having 12-15 branched anal-fin rays (vs. 16-19); from Hasemania hanseni, Hasemania melanura and Hasemania nana by the presence of 1-2 maxillary teeth (vs. teeth absent); and from Hasemania piatan by having 19 principal caudal-fin rays (vs. 18), 33-36 longitudinal scale series (vs. 27-32), and presence of caudal spot (vs. absence in Hasemania piatan); and also from Hasemania nambiquara by the absence of a broad horizontal black band in the midlateral body (Ref. 83954).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known from its type locality in the upper rio Tocantins basin, tributary of rio das Almas in Goiás state, Brazil.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found along the margins of semilentic stretches of a shallow, clear water river, greatest depth of 1.20 m, width of 1.5 to 10 m, with sand and leaves on the bottom, with moderate submerged vegetation (mainly Poaceae and Cyperaceae) and a little riparian vegetation (shrubs). Feeds largely on Formicidae, followed by Diptera, Chlorophyta, unidentified vegetal organic matter, and insects fragments in lesser amount (Ref. 83954).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bertaco, V.A. and F.R. Carvalho, 2010. New species of Hasemania (Characiformes: Characidae) from Central Brazil, with comments on the endemism of upper Rio Tocantins basin, Goiás State. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(1):27-32. (Ref. 83954)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  0.0   ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .