Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Rutilus: Latin, rutilus = reddish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from its congeners in Danube drainage by having the following unique characters: peritoneum black; anal fin usually with 11-12½ branched rays; and breeding males with two horizontal rows of large tubercles on side of head above eye, usually more or less fused into a continuous ridge (tubercles white in ethanol); and tubercles on body massive, occupying most of scale area. Can be further separated from other species of the genus in Danube drainage by the combination of the following characters: 44-46 scales along lateral line; mouth inferior; snout blunt; body laterally compressed, maximum body width about 50% of body depth; body greenish to bluish brown; iris silvery (Ref. 59043).
Europe: Danube drainage upriver of Iron Gate; most abundant in Save drainage.
Inhabits medium sized to large rivers. Spawns in fast-flowing water of riffles over gravel or submerged plants. Attains a maximum size of about 40 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00379 - 0.01665), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .