Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae
Etymology: Centrophorus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 900 m (Ref. 55584). Deep-water; 38°N - 29°S, 78°W - 153°E (Ref. 54314)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 160 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31367)
Western Indian Ocean: southern Mozambique and Natal, South Africa (Ref. 11228). Possibly occurring in Maldives (Ref. 31367). Western Pacific: Japan, off northeastern Taiwan (Ref. 247), South China Sea, and probably Australia. North Atlantic (Ref. 31367). Often confused with Centrophorus granulosus and Centrophorus lusitanicus.
Found on the outer continental shelves and upper slopes, probably reaching depths greater than 750 m (Ref. 31367). Probably the largest gulper shark (Ref. 31367). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Utilized as fishmeal and for human consumption (Ref. 31367); meat, fins (low value) and liver oil (very high value) (Ref.58048). Fished off Taiwan for its large river rich in squalene (Ref. 247). Diet consists primarily on bony fishes and cephalopods, but also elasmobranchs and crustaceans (Ref. 58048).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00288 (0.00132 - 0.00629), b=3.16 (2.97 - 3.35), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (87 of 100) .