Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Carapidae
(Pearlfishes) > Carapinae
Etymology: Echiodon: Greek, echieys, eos = a little viper + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 52 - 403 m (Ref. 10704). Deep-water; 65°N - 50°N, 23°W - 10°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4741)
soft rays: 47 - 49. Eel-like, shallow body depth; 1 to several symphyseal fangs on dentary and premaxilla; lacking cardiform teeth, pelvic fins, and swim bladder rocker bone; a patch of ridges posteriorly on the ventral surface of the swim bladder (Ref. 34024). Pigmented eye diameter greater than 16% head length (Ref. 34024). Pre-dorsal bone present; maxilla extends well behind orbit; precaudal vertebrae 25-29 (Ref. 232). Reddish with silvery abdomen, operculum and iris; dark markings on head and median edges (Ref. 232).
Northeast Atlantic: coasts of southern Norway, western Denmark, and around British Isles. Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Misidentified as a Carapus in literature.
Common species. Free-living, fairly deep. Assumed to feed on small invertebrates and fish (Ref. 34024). Feed on small bottom animals (Ref. 35388).
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.65 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .