Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335); ajuricaba: Named for Ajuricaba, paramount chief of the Manau Indians, formerly inhabited in the middle rio Negro area; led an unsuccessful attempt to resist the assaults of Portuguese slavers; averted a trial as a rebel by plunging in shackles into rio Negro waters.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81201)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 27 - 31;
Vertebrae: 36 - 37. Distinguished from all species of the genus and from all remaining characids by having a unique color pattern consisting of the combination of presence of a conspicuous, narrow dark midlateral stripe, a single elongated humeral spot, and upper caudal-fin lobe and middle
caudal-fin rays dark, with a clear, rounded ocellated spot present dorsally at anterior third of caudal-fin lobe (Ref. 81201).
South America: rio Negro, rio Solimões, and rio Tapajós basins, Amazon basin in Brazil.
Collected from a black-water, terra-firme forest stream about 4-5 m wide and 0.5-1.0 m deep, with a predominantly sandy bottom. Also found in a large oxbow lake (Ref. 81201).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Marinho, M.M.F. and F.C.T. Lima, 2009. Astyanax ajuricaba: a new species from the Amazon basin in Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 7(2):169-174. (Ref. 81201)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00426 - 0.03395), b=3.05 (2.81 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .