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Ungusurculus williamsi  Schwarzhans & Møller, 2007

Williams' viviparous brotula
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Ungusurculus williamsi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ungusurculus williamsi (Williams\
Ungusurculus williamsi
Male picture by W. Schwarzhans & P. R. Møller

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Ungusurculus: Name from Latin words 'ungulus' (= claw) and 'surculus' (= grapevine tendril), refers to the functional analogy with the pseudoclaspers and the specific shape of the inner pseudoclasper.;  williamsi: Named in honour of Jeffrey T. Williams, USNM, Washington D.C..   More on author: Schwarzhans.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 4 m (Ref. 76869).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Philippines.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76869)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 79-85; Anal soft rays: 59 - 63; Vertebrae: 42 - 43. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 79-85, A 59-63, D/A 24-26, V in D 2.2-2.4; vertebrae 12+30-31=42-43; anterior nostril located 1/4 the distance from upper lip to aggregate distance to anterior margin of eye; free pseudoclaspers 2 pairs, outer pseudoclasper wing-shaped with broad base and distally widened supporter without anterior hook, while the inner pseudoclasper is short, half the length of outer one, with slightly broadened base, distally with two inwardly directed weak spines; cheeks with 4-6 scale rows on upper part and 3 rows on lower part; no upper preopercular pore; otolith compressed, its length to height is 1.9-2.1, pointed anterior and posterior tips, the latter expanded, projecting sharp postdorsal angle, short sulcus, wide with fused colliculi, its centre slightly anterior of centre of otolith, inclined about 10°, otolith length to sulcus length is 2.2-2.4 (Ref. 76869).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Based on collection site, this species is probably adapted to non-reef related rocky inshore environments (Ref. 76869). Cryptic and solitary, inhabitant of reef crevices and caves about 0-4 m (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Schwarzhans, W. and P.R. Møller, 2007. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-west Pacific. Part III. Beaglichthys, Brosmolus, Monothrix and eight new genera with description of 20 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 23:29-110. (Ref. 76869)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00172 - 0.01163), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .