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Salmo letnica  (Karaman, 1924)

Ohrid trout
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Image of Salmo letnica (Ohrid trout)
Salmo letnica
Picture by Ristovska, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 42°N - 40°N, 20°E - 21°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 36 - 39.7 cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6323); max. published weight: 6.5 kg (Ref. 4699)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from all its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: lacustrine; size reaches up to at least 60 cm SL; in large adults, head and body silvery, with black spots, especially in upper part, red spots (when present) mainly along lateral line; flesh pinkish. Can be diagnosed from at least Salmo balcanicus and Salmo aphelios by its osteological characters (Ref. 59043). (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Eastern shore of Lake Ohrid, Macedonia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes. Juveniles feed on zooplankton. Adults prey on zooplankton and fish, mainly Alburnus scoranza. Attains first sexual maturity at 5-6 years. Spawns in January-February in littoral and sublittoral areas (Ref. 59043). Threatened by habitat destruction, overfishing and introduction of new species (Ref. 26100).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

A single spawner (Ref. 58388).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.