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Echinorhinus cookei  Pietschmann, 1928

Prickly shark
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Echinorhinus cookei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Echinorhinus cookei (Prickly shark)
Echinorhinus cookei
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Echinorhinidae (Bramble sharks)
Etymology: Echinorhinus: Greek, echinos = sea urchin, hedgehog + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 11 - 1100 m (Ref. 26346), usually 70 - ? m (Ref. 6871).   Subtropical; 47°N - 55°S, 119°E - 68°W (Ref. 54428)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 250 - 300 cm
Max length : 400 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0; Vertebrae: 89. The prickly shark Echinorhinus cookei has thorn-like denticles on body which are moderately large (single denticles up to about 4mm in basal diameter in adults), numerous, regularly distributed, with scalloped basal margins, and never fused into compound plates. Grayish brown in color, with black distal fin margins; white around mouth and on ventral surface of snout. Tooth count 21-23/20-22. Total vertebrae 89; precaudal 59. As with the other member of the family Echinorhinidae, it has a relatively short snout and stout body; two small spineless dorsal fins, close together, towards posterior part of body and originating behind pelvic fin origin. No anal fin and subterminal notch on caudal fin. Small spiracles, very short labial furrows and teeth on both jaws alike, with a central oblique bladelike cusps with up to 3 cusplets on each side (absent in juveniles) (Ref. 247, 6871).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Japan (Ref. 6871), Taiwan, Palau, Australia (Ref. 6871) and New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: Hawaii, USA, Gulf of California, and from Costa Rica to Peru and Chile (Ref. 13564). Also reported in Nicaragua (Ref. 13613).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A large, sluggish shark occurring on continental and insular shelves and upper slopes (Ref. 247). Feeds on a variety of fishes, other sharks, octopi and squids (Ref. 13564). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), with up to 114 in a litter (Ref. 26346).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.76 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (83 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.