Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
Etymology: Himantura: Greek, iman, imantos = thong, strap + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Last.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 70 m (Ref. 76961). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 70 - 80 cm
Max length : 110.5 cm WD (female)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Indo-West Pacific: Africa to New Guinea, north to Thailand and south to Australia.
Occurs mainly inshore and coastal, but on the continental shelf to depths of at least 70 m. Birth size is about 20 cm DW (Ref. 76961).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M and P.R. Last, 2008. Himantura leoparda sp. Nov., a new whipray (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae) from the Indo-Pacific. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. (Ref. 76961)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00472 - 0.02924), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .