Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; anadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate; 60°N - 42°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); max. published weight: 15.0 kg (Ref. 56527); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 56527)
Northwest Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and the northeastern Korean Peninsula through Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands to Kamchatka. Bering and Okhotsk seas (Ref. 4883).
The land-locked form prefers low temperature streams, below 15°C. Young of the sea-run form enter the sea at 2 years of age and return to the rivers for spawning when they are 4 years or older. Found in summertime water temperature of 13-15° C (Ref. 12218). Carnivore, feeding on insects and plankton (Ref. 12218). Utilized fresh, smoked and frozen; can be broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Two forms: the land-locked form which reaches 35 cm, and the ocean form of 70 cm (Ref. 9137).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=5; k >0.30).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .