Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Characinae
Etymology: Acestrocephalus: Greek, agkistron = hook + Greek, kepahle = head (Ref. 45335); stigmatus: Derived from the Greek word stigma, meaning mark, spot, in reference to the dark spot found at the humeral region of this species.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75890)
soft rays: 33 - 35;
Vertebrae: 38 - 39. Distinguished from all species of Acestrocephalusexcept Acestrocephalus boehlkei and Acestrocephalus maculosus by having a dark humeral blotch. Differs from Acestrocephalus boehlkei in having fewer anal-fin rays 29-31 (vs. 34-36) and fewer
scale rows around caudal peduncle 22-23 (vs. 25); and from Acestrocephalus maculosus in having more anal-fin rays 29-31 (vs. 25-27). The muscular hiatus of the pseudotympanum in Acestrocephalus stigmatus is narrower than that of Acestrocephalus boehlkei, but much more developed than that of Acestrocephalus
maculosus (Ref. 75890).
South America: Rio Tocantins, Rio das Mortes (tributary of Rio Araguaia) and Rio Xingu in Brazil.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Menezes, N.A., 2006. Description of five new species of Acestrocephalus Eigenmann and redescription of A. sardina and A. boehlkei (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(4):385-400. (Ref. 75890)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00481 - 0.03292), b=3.06 (2.83 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .