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Acestrocephalus maculosus  Menezes, 2006

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Acestrocephalus maculosus
Picture by Menezes, N.A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Characinae
Etymology: Acestrocephalus: Greek, agkistron = hook + Greek, kepahle = head (Ref. 45335);  maculosus: From the Latin adjective maculosus, meaning spotted, in reference to the dark spots and stripes on the body of this species.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal soft rays: 29 - 31; Vertebrae: 39 - 41. Can be distinguished by having dark blotch at the humeral region, a character shared only with Acestrocephalus boehlkei and Acestrocephalus stigmatus. Differs from Acestrocephalus stigmatus by having 25-27 anal-fin rays (vs. 29-31), and 7-8 gill-rakers (vs. 5-6). This species has a quite peculiar general structure of the pseudotympanum which differs from that of Acestrocephalus stigmatus and all the other species of Acestrocephalus examined. Acestrocephalus maculosus has very reduced muscular hiatus as a result of the great development of the obliquus superioris muscle covering the anterior portion of the swim bladder. This makes the opening anterior to first pleural rib, this and the second pleural rib as well as the obliquus inferioris muscle not visible (Ref. 75890).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known only from the tributaries of the upper Tocantins in Brazil.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Menezes, N.A., 2006. Description of five new species of Acestrocephalus Eigenmann and redescription of A. sardina and A. boehlkei (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(4):385-400. (Ref. 75890)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00435 - 0.02895), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .