Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: diamantina: The specific name diamantina is in reference to the type region, the Chapada Diamantina.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: upper and middle course of rio Paraguaçu, Brazil which have several relatively small tributaries entering its margins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75036)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 28 - 31. Diagnosed from all members of the genus Moenkhausia by the body color pattern, the presence of scales on the predorsal median line and the number of anal-fin rays. Distinguished from Moenkhausia levidorsa in having a regularly scaled predorsal line (vs. a naked predorsal line); and differs from other congeners, except for Moenkhausia oligolepis, Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenae, Moenkhausia pyrophthalma, Moenkhausia nigromarginata and Moenkhausia diktyota, by having a reticulated body pigmentation pattern. Differs further from all congeners with a reticulated body pigmentation pattern, except for Moenkhausia nigromarginata, by the absence of a conspicuous dark blotch in the caudal peduncle; further distinguished from Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenae and Moenkhausia oligolepis by its higher number of pored lateral line scales (32-34 vs. 22-24, 27-30, respectively); and differs from Moenkhausia diktyota in the extent of the poring of the lateral line (complete vs. incomplete). Can be differentiated from Moenkhausia nigromarginata by the absence of a black stripe on the anterior edge of dorsal, pelvic and anal fins, and absence of longitudinal stripes on the body positioned over the center of the scales (vs. presence of both pigmentation patterns) and the number of anal-fin rays (iv, 24-26; vs. ii-iv, 20-22) (Ref. 75036).
Inhabits blackwater rivers. The type locality (rio Toalhas) of this species has a sandy and rocky bottom, with little riparian and submerged vegetation (Ref. 75036).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Benine, R.C., R.M.C. Castro and A.C.A. Santos, 2007. A new Moenkhausia Eigenmann, 1903 (Ostariophysi: Characiformes) from Chapada Diamantina, rio Paraguaçu Basin, Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 5(3):259-262. (Ref. 75036)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00610 - 0.03124), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .