Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Xyrichtyinae
Etymology: Novaculops: Latin, novacula = razor + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335); koteamea: Name from the Rapanui word for the fish; 'kotea' is generic for 3 species of wrasses, and 'mea' means red.. More on author: Randall.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 50 - 250 m (Ref. 57578). Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.9 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 89467)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Dorsal rays IX,12; anal rays III,12; pectoral rays 13. Lateral-line scales 20 + 5. Head naked except for one or two small partly embedded scales dorsally on opercle. Gill rakers 16-18. Body depth 2.6-2.75 in SL. Dorsal profile of snout forming an angle of about 50°, front of head with a slight median ridge. Origin of the dorsal fin a little posterior to preopercular margin; first dorsal spine flexible, slightly longer than second spine, 4.05-4.15 in head length; space between first two dorsal spines two-thirds space between second and third spines. Caudal fin slightly rounded. Pectoral fins short, 1.6-1.7 in HL. Body bright red, edges of scales darker red; membranes of spinous portion of dorsal fin bluish gray, each with a black spot; each of first three membranes of soft portion of fin with a faint black spot (Ref. 57578).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Southwest Pacific: currently known only from Easter Island, but might be present from southern subtropical islands to the west such as Pitcairn Islands and Rapa.
Randall, J.E. and G.R. Allen, 2004. Xyrichtys koteamea, a new razorfish (Perciformes: Labridae) from Easter Island. Raffles Bull. Zool. 51(1):251-255.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .