Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae
Etymology: Cottus: Greek, kottos = a fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Black Sea basin in Dniestr drainage. Southern Baltic basin in Odra and Vistula drainages, most likely extending further east to Gulf of Finland.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55856)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11 - 14. Can be distinguished from other species of Cottus in Europe by possessing a shallow transverse groove in the snout between the anterior and posterior nares and the combination of the following characters: genital papilla lobular in males; depth of caudal peduncle 20-24% HL; length of caudal peduncle 41-64% HL; prickling on body extending backwards to caudal peduncle (reduced or sometimes absent in some populations); absence of distinct transverse bands on pelvic fin; predorsal length 32-37% SL; distance from tip of snout to origin of second dorsal fin 50-52% SL; dorsal head length 21-25% SL; unique molecular markers (Ref. 55856).
Inhabits small streams to medium-sized rivers. Feeds on a wide variety of benthic invertebrates. Females spawn once a year (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Freyhof, J., M. Kottelat and A. Nolte, 2005. Taxonomic diversity of European Cottus with description of eight new species (Teleostei: Cottidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 16(2):107-172. (Ref. 55856)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00309 - 0.01700), b=3.13 (2.92 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .