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Gymnotus pantanal  Fernandes, Albert, Daniel-Silva, Lopes, Crampton & Almeida-Toledo, 2005

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Gymnotus pantanal
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Gymnotidae (Naked-back knifefishes)
Etymology: Gymnotus: Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335);  pantanal: The specific epithet pantanal from the Pantanal Matogrossense of Brazil, the hydrological region of the type locality. A noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54472)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Gymnotus pantanal differs from other members of the G. pantherinus species- group (except G. anguillaris) in possessing a color pattern composed of thin obliquely oriented pale pigment bands (about one third the width of the dark bands) with wavy margins restricted to the ventral portion of the body (rarely extending above the lateral line) on the anterior half of the body. Gymnotus pantanal further differs from other members of the G. pantherinus species-group in possessing a wider head (72–77 vs. 52–69% head length). Gymnotus pantanal further differs from G. anguillaris in possessing more narrowly set eyes (37–41 vs. 43–56% head length), a deeper head (66–74 vs. 60–65% head length), larger branchial openings (38–43 vs. 29–36% head length), longer pectoral fins (51–56 vs. 42–50% head length), more pectoral-fin rays (mode 17 vs. 16), and fewer pored posterior lateral-line scales (to first ventral ramus: 47–58 vs. 58–62; total: 102–114 vs. 124–130).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in rooted grasses and floating macrophytes in small creeks and along the banks of larger backwater rivers (Ref. 54472). Occurs syntopically with Gymnotus inaequilabiatus and G. sylvius (Ref. 54472).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Campos-da-Paz, Ricardo | Collaborators

Fernandes, F.M.C., J.S. Albert, M.F.Z. Daniel-Silva, C.E. Lopes, W.G.R. Crampton and L.F. Almeida-Toledo, 2005. A new Gymnotus (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) from the Pantanal Matogrossense of Brazil and adjacent drainages: continued documention of a cryptic fauna. Zootaxa 933:1-14. (Ref. 54472)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00192 - 0.00906), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .