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Salmo obtusirostris  (Heckel, 1851)

Adriatic trout
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Salmo obtusirostris
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory.   Temperate; 43°N - 40°N, 18°E - 21°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from all its congeners in Adriatic basin by having the following unique characters: lips fleshy; lateral line scales elliptical, reduced to little more than nerve tube, smaller than scales in adjacent rows; 100-120 scales along lateral line; 26-32 gill rakers. Differs further by the combination of the following features: jaw teeth small or indistinct; snout blunt; and mouth subinferior (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Adriatic basin in Krka, Jardo, Vrljika (Croatia), Neretva (Bosnia-Herzegovina) and Zeta drainages (Montenegro). Introduced and established from Jardo to Zrnovnica drainages (Croatia) around 1960.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in water courses at high altitude (Ref. 26100). Inhabits cold streams and small rivers, usually in deep, quiet places. Occurs in groups. Feeds on invertebrates. Spawns in April-May. Attains a maximum size of about 70 cm SL (Ref. 59043). Threatened by the construction of dams, introduction of new species and overfishing (Ref. 26100).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Endangered (EN) (B2ab(v))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00746 - 0.02125), b=3.01 (2.86 - 3.16), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.