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Pangasius sanitwongsei  Smith, 1931

Giant pangasius
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Image of Pangasius sanitwongsei (Giant pangasius)
Pangasius sanitwongsei
Picture by Jean-Francois Helias / Fishing Adventures Thailand

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Pangasiidae (Shark catfishes)
Etymology: Pangasius: The Vietnamese name of a fish (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Smith.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 25°N - 9°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 300 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2686); common length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2073); max. published weight: 300.0 kg (Ref. 7432)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Fins are pigmented with dusky melanophores. First soft ray in dorsal, pectoral and pelvic fins prolonged into a filament (Ref. 4792). Broad head; black tips on first few anal-fin rays in individuals of all sizes, particularly in juveniles; palatine and vomerine teeth united into a single long crescentic patch (Ref. 12693). Mouth wide, its width 5.5-5.9 times in SL (Ref. 43281).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Chao Phraya and Mekong basins.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits large rivers. Juveniles are found in larger tributaries (Ref. 58784). Both young and adults feeds on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 12693). Larger individuals have been known to feed on carcasses of fowl or dog (which are commonly used for bait) (Ref. 7432). A migratory species (Ref. 37772). Spawns just before the rainy season and the young of the year reach a length of about 10 cm by mid-June (Ref. 12693). Fishery used to be accompanied by rites and ceremonies of a religious nature (Ref 2686). Important food fish and is often referred to in textbooks and popular press or news media (Ref. 4537). Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693). Threatened due to over harvesting, habitat loss and pollution (Ref. 58490).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Roberts, T.R. and C. Vidthayanon, 1991. Systematic revision of the Asian catfish family Pangasiidae, with biological observations and descriptions of three new species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 143:97-144. (Ref. 7432)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 4537)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Ciguatera
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .
unknown
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.