Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Acipenseriformes
(Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae
(Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Acipenser: Latin, acipenser = sturgeon, 1853 (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 26364). Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 105.0, range 96 - 125 cm
Max length : 300 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40142); max. published weight: 190.0 kg (Ref. 40142); max. reported age: 65 years (Ref. 56448)
Asia: Endemic to the Amur River system. Two morphs, brown and gray, represent the species in the Amur River basin.
Occurrence in the Sea of Japan (Ref. 11102) needs confirmation. International trade restricted (CITES II, since 1.4.98; CMS Appendix II).
Adults occur in stretches of rivers with sandy or stony bottom. Feed on benthic organisms. Highly prized fish (Ref. 41072).
The gray morph females in the Amur River reproduce at least every four years (Ref. 40142).
IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 1990. 1990 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. 288 p. (Ref. 3881)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00245 (0.00151 - 0.00400), b=3.26 (3.13 - 3.39), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tm=8-14; Fec=29,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .