Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Aplatophis: Greek, aplatos, apletos = terrible + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335); zorro: zorro in reference to the coloration of the pore pattern along the face, reminiscent of the slash mark of the swordsman Zorro (Ref. 43686). More on author: McCosker.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 10 m (Ref. 43686). Tropical, preferred ?
Eastern Central Pacific: Panama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 104 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43686)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 120. Stout ophichthid with nearly uniform gray or brown coloration, overlain on head with a prominent pattern of small white spots; depth 23 times in TL; head large, 6.7 times in TL; dorsal fin arises well behind pectoral fin tips; pectoral fins not elongate, rounded; eye small; jaw elongate, the lower projecting; nostrils tiny, in upper lip; jaw teeth conical, some enlarged as fangs anteriorly, biserial in jaws and uniserial in vomer (Ref. 43686).
Assumed to live in permanent or semi-permanent burrows with only snout and eyes exposed, darting to feed on other fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 43686).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
McCosker, J.E. and D.R. Robertson, 2001. Aplatophis zorro, a new species of eastern Pacific snake-eel, with comments on New World ophichthid distributions (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae). Rev. Biol. Trop. 49(Suppl.1):13-19. (Ref. 43686)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00148 (0.00060 - 0.00363), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .