Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Mulloidichthys: Latin, mullus = soft + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 113 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 30°N - 30°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 24.0, range 21 - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573)
soft rays: 7. Back red-orange, sides and belly whitish; yellow longitudinal band present; no dark blotch on under middle of 1st dorsal fin (Ref. 5405). All fins yellow (Ref. 48636). Head length 2.9-3.4 in SL, length of snout 2.2.-2.6 and barbel 1.2-1.5 in HL. Body depth 3.4-4.5 in SL. (Ref. 90102)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island.
This occasionally schooling species inhabits sandy bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, coastal and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710, 90102). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). In large inactive aggregations by day, dispersing to sand flats to feed at night (Ref. 9710). Sometimes mixes with blue-striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira and shows blue stripes (Ref. 48636). Feeds on small worms and crustaceans. Also caught using ringnets (Ref. 5213). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00499 - 0.01264), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.20-0.97).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .