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Hippocampus multispinus  Kuiter, 2001

Northern spiny seahorse
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Hippocampus multispinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hippocampus multispinus (Northern spiny seahorse)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 12 - 60 m (Ref. 42735), usually 20 - 60 m (Ref. 42735).   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 42735)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18. Pectoral fin rays usually 17; trunk rings 11; tail rings 30-35; spines long and sharp, spine above eye equal in length or longer than eye diameter, perpendicular to snout; nose-spine sharp, angled forward 45° to snout, anterior spines on superior tail longer than spaces between them (Ref. 42735).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: northern Australia (Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia to Northern Territory) and southern Papua New Guinea. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Probably inhabiting more weedy areas (Ref. 42735). Maximum length is based on a straight-line length measurement from upper surface (ignoring spines) of first trunk ring, to tip of tail (Ref. 42735). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kuiter, R.H., 2001. Revision of the Australian seahorses of the genus Hippocampus (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Rec. Aus. Mus. 53:293-340. (Ref. 42735)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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FAO areas
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00160 - 0.01085), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.