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Hippocampus multispinus  Kuiter, 2001

Northern spiny seahorse
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Hippocampus multispinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335).

Issue
This species is a synonym of Hippocampus angustus Günther, 1870 according to Lourie et al., 2016 (Ref. 115213). This species record will be removed.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 12 - 60 m (Ref. 42735), usually 20 - 60 m (Ref. 42735).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: northern Australia (Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia to Northern Territory) and southern Papua New Guinea. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 42735)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18. Pectoral fin rays usually 17; trunk rings 11; tail rings 30-35; spines long and sharp, spine above eye equal in length or longer than eye diameter, perpendicular to snout; nose-spine sharp, angled forward 45° to snout, anterior spines on superior tail longer than spaces between them (Ref. 42735).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Probably inhabiting more weedy areas (Ref. 42735). Maximum length is based on a straight-line length measurement from upper surface (ignoring spines) of first trunk ring, to tip of tail (Ref. 42735). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kuiter, R.H., 2001. Revision of the Australian seahorses of the genus Hippocampus (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Rec. Aus. Mus. 53:293-340. (Ref. 42735)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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