Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 40827). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40827)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species lacks a large pale area on the head (extending from the throat to snout) that is present in S. coelestinus. S. trispinosus has roughly homogenously-colored scales on flanks unlike in S. coelestinus where flank scales have distinct dark margins. S. trispinosus also lack the irregular bright-blue blotches on nape and around the eye. Juveniles are similarly colored as the adults, but bear a yellowish area on nape, similar to subadults of S. coelestinus (Ref. 40827).
Southwest Atlantic: endemic to Brazil.
Occurs in coral, algal and rocky reefs and on algal beds (Ref. 40827).
Moura, R.L., J.L. de Figueiredo and I. Sazima, 2001. A new parrotfish (Scaridae) from Brazil, and revalidation of Sparisoma amplum (Ranzani, 1842), Sparisoma frondosum (Agassiz, 1831), Sparisoma axillare (Steindachner, 1878) and Scarus trispinosus Valenciennes, 1840. Bull. Mar. Sci. 68(3):505-524.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00990 (-0.16526 - 0.18506), b=3.06 (2.96 - 3.16), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .