Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Triakidae
(Houndsharks) > Triakinae
Etymology: Mustelus: Latin, mustela, -ae = weasel (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 250 m (Ref. 56500), usually 1 - 50 m (Ref. 56500). Subtropical; 30°S - 47°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 123.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); common length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6077)
Longer snout relative to the size of the eye, head more flattened. Back brown with narrow transverse bands of darker separated spaces. Yellow spot in front of each eye above each orbit. Fins dark with narrow edgings lighter. Lower surfaces whitish (Ref. 6032).
Southwest Atlantic: southern Brazil to northern Argentina.
Found on the continental shelf. Newbies are found on beaches of between 1 and 5 m depth, juveniles occupy inshore waters at between 15 and 50 m, and adults are found down to 50 and on upper slopes of up to 250 m in depth (Ref. 56500). Presumably feeds on crustaceans and other benthic invertebrates. Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Size at birth at or below about 39 cm. Utilized fresh-frozen and dried salted for human consumption.
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00303 (-0.16674 - 0.17279), b=3.12 (3.02 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec = 4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .