Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 1602), usually 1 - 12 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 35°N - 47°S, 70°E - 175°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 11. Color pattern remains similar throughout life. Large juveniles and females are mostly black with a single white band and white area below the head to the anus. Males retain the white central band but is more yellow, and develops a second narrow band halfway towards the head (Ref. 48636). Initial phase white with 3 black bars, the first on upper half of head and anterior body containing a yellow streak at edge of opercle, the second across dorsal fin and ventrally to anus, the third covering most of body and posterior portions of dorsal and anal fins. Terminal male with yellow between black bars. Pectoral fins bluish (Ref 9823).
Indo-West Pacific: Maldives to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island.
Occurs in groups (Ref. 90102) in exposed crests of seaward and lagoon reefs, usually rock-based. Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27115. Replaced by T. nigrofascatum in Papua New Guinea (Ref. 90102).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .