Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Cetoscarus: Greek, ketos = a marine monster, whale + Greek, skaros = a fish cited by ancient writers; a parrot fish (Ref. 45335).
This species is endemic to the Red Sea (Ref. 54980:447, species treatment in prep). Correction of data other than distribution is in progress (information transfer to C. ocellatus of the Indo-Pacific).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 33°N - 12°N, 32°E - 44°E
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea endemic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115947)
Benthic grazer of algae (Ref. 3488). Caught with nets and other types of artisanal gear.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Choat, J.H., B. Russell, K.D. Clements, L.A. Rocha, R. Myers, M.E. Lazuardi, A. Muljadi, S. Pardede and P. Rahardjo, 2012. Cetoscarus bicolor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012:e.T190690A17793737. Downloaded on 03 August 2017. (Ref. 115947)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.1, mean 27.9 (based on 1232 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=5; K=0.255; tmax=21).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .