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Aphanius farsicus  Teimori, Esmaeili & Reichenbacher, 2011

Farsi tooth-carp
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: farsicus: farsicus is a noun (not declinable), which refers to the Fars Province, in which the type locality is located (Ref. 88150).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Brackish; benthopelagic.   Subtropical; 30°N - 29°N, 52°E - 53°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: endemic to the Gulf Coast of Iran. (Ref. 31728). Aphanius farsicus has been recorded and collected only from the Maharlu Lake Basin, near Shiraz, Fars province, where it inhabits small freshwater spring-stream systems and pools of varying salinity. Due to the recent droughts in southern Iran, the species is in strong need of conservation (Ref. 88150).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59087)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-14; Anal soft rays: 10 - 12. A comparison of the meristic characters reveals that the values obtained from the fossil Aphanius persicus (Priem, 1908) are similar to those obtained from the extant A. persicus (Jenkins, 1910), but that the mean numbers of dorsal-fin rays and pectoral fin rays are lower in the fossil. In addition, differences are recognizable with regard to the scales (size and morphology) and teeth (sizes of lateral cusps). The scales are considerably smaller in the fossil than in the extant species. In addition, the morphology of the scales differs as the radii of the fossil scales are separated from each other in the anterior part of the scale, whereas the radii in the scales of the extant species lack this separation. Moreover, the fossil scales have a lower number of circuli and radii in the anterior field than the scales of the recent species. the comparison of the tricuspid jaw teeth at the premaxillary and dentary reveals that the central cusp is of similar length in the fossil and the extant species, but that the lateral cusps are slightly longer (0.05 mm) in the fossil in comparison with the recent species (0.02–0.03 mm) (Ref. 88150).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Coad, B.W., 1998. Systematic biodiversity in the freshwater fishes of Iran. Ital. J. Zool. 65:101-108. (Ref. 31728)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00640 - 0.01636), b=3.31 (3.18 - 3.44), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .