Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes
(Sawbellies) > Trachichthyidae
Etymology: Hoplostethus: Greek, hoplon = weapon + Greek, stetho, stethion = brest; literal = to prick a little breast (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 70 - 1000 m (Ref. 9869), usually 200 - 700 m (Ref. 36731). Deep-water; 28°N - 27°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3583)
Eastern Atlantic: along the coast of northwest Africa between 27°30'N to 10°10'N and 1°26'S to 26'14°S. Reported from Cape Verde (Ref. 27000). Western Indian Ocean: off Transkei, South Africa (Ref. 4181).
Lives near the bottom in deep water, from 200 to at least 500, but possibly to 1000 m depth. Feeds on crustaceans (Ref. 3695).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maul, G.E., 1990. Trachichthyidae. p. 620-622. In J.C. Quéro, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3583)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00672 - 0.03736), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .